Hispanic Heritage Day at Casvi

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Students at the International Private School Eurocolegio Casvi have celebrated the well-known Hispanic Heritage Day with their teachers and classmates. During all this week, they have done so through numerous and original activities, both in Spanish and English, which has helped them learn a bit more about the history of this extra special day for Spanish people. These activities have taken place across all grades in our school.


Los alumnos del Colegio Privado Internacional Eurocolegio Casvi han aprendido historia a través de diferentes actividades organizadas con motivo del Día de la Hispanidad


This celebration is part of a section containing other important celebrations held in Casvi. Here you can see how we celebrated it this time.


Why is HispanicHeritage Day celebrated on October 12th?

On October 12th, 1492, the expedition captained by Christopher Columbus arrived on Guanani Island in the Bahamas archipelago. Without them knowing it, they had just discovered a new continent and established the first contact between Europeans and Americans. These were wrongly referred to as Indians because they were thought to have gone around the globe and landed in India.


Cristobal Colón descubriendo américa


More than 400 years later, October 12th would turn into a day of celebration in Spain and many Latin American countries. The choice of this day had a greater significance for the country of the Iberian Peninsula, since October 12 is also the Day of the Virgin of Pilar, patron saint of Spain.


Since when is it held in Spain?

In 1935, the then government of the Second Republic wanted to celebrate Hispanic Heritage Day for the first time, without it being regulated. That is why it was not until 1958, when the country was under Franco’s military dictatorship, that this festival was officially established.


Ramiro de Maeztu


It was originally called ‘Race Day’, whose symbolism was very close to the ideas of the regime and its celebration was similar to that of the National Labour Festival (July 18) or the Feast of El Caudillo (The Warlord)(October 1). It was the writer Ramiro de Maetzu who, in an article called ‘La Hispanidad’, published in the Acción Española magazine, stated that ‘October 12, wrongly referred to as the Race Day, must be hereinafter the day of la ‘Hispanidad’.

Currently, the celebration is stated in the law 18/1987, which omits the term ‘Day of Hispanic Heritage’ and refers to the celebration only as ‘National Festival’. As set out in the Official State Gazette (BOE), the date chosen (October 12th) ‘symbolizes the historical ephemeris in which Spain, about to conclude a process of state-building on the basis of our cultural and political plurality, and the integration of the Kingdoms of Spain into the same monarchy, begins a period of linguistic and cultural projection beyond European boundaries’.


Día de la HIspanidad


For these same reasons, and in order to enhance the commemoration of the National Festival, the most significant events were moved from Armed Forces Day to October 12th, the most prominent one being the military parade.


Celebration in Latin America

During the first decades of the twentieth century, the celebration of October 12th was popularized and established in numerous Latin American countries as a national festival within the territories. Many countries began by calling it ‘Day of the Race’, following the Spanish model, and some countries, like Honduras, still maintain that name.


Dia del Respeto y de la Diversidad Cultural


However, in other cases such as Argentina, Nicaragua or Chile, the name given to the celebration of October 12th has changed to reflect some more personal aspects of the country and has been renamed as ‘Day of Cultural Diversity’, ‘Two Worlds’ Meeting Day’ or ‘Indigenous Resistance Day’.